PALIMPSEST. THE STADIUM AS A CANVAS FOR NEW TYPES OF ARCHITECTURE
...from ecstasy to agony This is the fate of many stadiums in the whole world. After a short period of glory, these architectural objects become empty, abandoned, fragmenting the urban tissue they are inserted in. Many of them, being built in what was once the city’s periphery, due to demographic growth and urban expansion, they become enclosed in the core, but they cannot adapt to the new necessities. But what happens when a space designed for a singular purpose loses its function and primary meaning, due to current situation? How can it perform effective in a second life, while keeping in the same time the memory of the place? As Aldo Rossi said, “forms in the very act of being constituted go beyond the functions which they must serve”1. This implies that form transcends function and migrates towards adaptation and reuse. Also, in the perspective of demographic growth, overbuilding and pollution, these empty ‘shells’2 as Bachelard would say, are real opportunities of adaptive reuse and sustainable development. Between a past-present duality, identity-alterity, the stadium is in between the decision of being kept or demolished. In this context, a question arises. Is tabula rasa the only effective option? Or can the stadium become a palimpsest, a ‘canvas-architecture’, a base that can sustain various architecture programs and perform well in the present? More than this, can it open itself and become a public space core and a catalyst of urban regeneration?