Inițiative / Experimente / Viziuni
DESIGN FOR PRESERVATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE pavilion of new values according to the traditional vojvodina-style house model
The area of the Vojvodina plain has been a crossroads of cultures for centuries. The Vojvodina-style house is a stylistically refined, uniform, and unique original building that arose from the rich imagination of unknown builders. The autochthonous country house appeared in the 18th century as an already fully formed architectural type of house. The Habsburg monarchy had a special influence on the design of this house, dictating the conditions for forming settlements and the house position on the plot by regulations. Every nation has ennobled the house with an aesthetic expression in the form of color and decoration. That is how ethnic diversity has united into a common whole, which is Vojvodina's "House on the Furrow". Such an endeavor of the most advanced urban planning practice and rural builders did not happen anywhere in Europe at the time, which bears a special historical significance. Today, these houses represent a material cultural heritage. They preserve the identity of the people, that is, the identity of Vojvodina. However, the material cultural heritage is endangered or disappearing due to the lack of awareness and the importance of its preservation. Technological advances threaten local identity. The use of typical prefabricated elements and construction methods is a more economically viable endeavor, but have we asked ourselves: What happens to aesthetic values? Does the imposition of another style directly jeopardize the existing style? Does such construction destroy the image of a place and the harmony of the region? How to reconcile the balance between modern and traditional? How to be modern and not lose the local identity? How to contribute to the preservation of local environments in accordance with sustainable development? The pavilion is characterized by mobility, construction flexibility, and experimental value. The basic module is part of each micro-unit because of its transformability that allows the formation of different spaces depending on the purpose and need. Additional boxes that are built into the basic module enable transformations in the interior, introducing dynamics into space and thus making the units multi-purpose. With its traditional and modern look, the project introduces a new approach to construction and can be a prototype for more complex ideas and solutions. The significance of the project is multiple. The project is environmentally oriented, economical to maintain, and socially harmonized. It fits well into the development of rural tourism, nurturing a culture of remembrance, and encouraging creativity. It is highly adaptable to different purposes.
Text de prezentare a autorului
Jelena Košarić was born in 1989 in Pančevo. She graduated from the Department of Interior and Furniture Design, Faculty of Applied Arts, University of Arts in Belgrade. She completed postgraduate studies at the home faculty in the same field, as well as at the Faculty of Forestry at the University of Belgrade in the field of design and shaping of wood products. She is the author of several furniture and interior solutions. She has participated in dozens of exhibitions and workshops. She also practices graphic design. She is a co-founder of the "Pagus" Association, dealing with the promotion and preservation of cultural heritage and local identity. She is also a member of the Scout Association of Serbia board of directors, and within this organization, she is engaged in pedagogical and educational work for children and youth.