Arhitectura sculpturală pe malul mării – o expresie a libertății artistice
The Romanian Black Sea coastline has it all. From the Danube Delta and its watery landscape, to the rocky cliff of Agigea or from the earthy tall shores of Tuzla and 2 Mai, to the modern resorts like Mamaia or Eforie with their big, sandy beaches. Also, there are complex urban and industrial segments of coastal development, as the Metropolitan Area of Constanta or the city of Mangalia and their shipping infrastructure like the Port of Constanta or the ports and shipyards of Cape Midia or Mangalia. In this vast array of coastal landscapes, the modern architecture found a fertile ground for spectacular forms and spatial configurations, but even before, the vernacular architecture made use of unusual shapes, inspired by the seashore landscape and the various natural materials available in the area of Dobrogea. Some of the best examples of modern Romanian architecture benefited from the touristic purpose for which they were intended, and they were created with a strong emphasis on the visual and spatial perception value. In the late ‘60s many seaside developments sought to combine the buildings with public artworks and even a certain sculptural approach of the architectural details or in the urbanism vocabulary. Today, unfortunately, many of these works (like beach pavilions, restaurants, public spaces, gardens, etc.) lie in degradation or have been overrun by poor judgment, just relics of what they were. The traditional household anexes in the Dobrogea seaside area were shaped with a very large creative freedom since the medieval times, and usually taking fluid sculptural shapes reminding us nowdays of the sculpted architecture of the Unal house or the Art Nouveau forms of Gaudi, but made in a simpler, more austere and perhaps sustainable way. There is a great potential of reestablishing a harmonious balance between architecture and art, by giving new purpose to the forgotten pieces of architectural heritage, reviving the Romanian shore landscape through manmade beauty.